Dieter Kallinke, MD, Dipl. Psych., holds doctorates in both Medicine and Clinical Psychology. Dr. Kallinke has served as a consultant to the University of Heidelberg Pain Control Unit, has supervised the training of post-doctoral psychotherapists utilizing a combination of conventional therapies and complementary and alternative approaches. He has lectured and written extensively about psychotherapeutic applications for pain medicine. Because of his own health challenges, he has experienced many of these approaches personally.